( For the texts and pictures books, publications, guidelines for example in awmf.org and contributions of colleagues were consulted.)

For the relief of allergies , there are three approaches available :

1 The reduction of contact with the triggering allergens.

2 Depending on the type of diagnosed allergy, we recommend oral medications that suppress the allergic reactions (eg, antihistamines) or a local treatment in the form of a cream.

3 Occasionally, for example a desensitizing be useful in a hay fever or asthma. Immunotherapy (desensitisation): with this treatment the allergy can be cured and the symptoms get better. The body gets used by a injection or by oral therapy in the form of drops to the causative allergen in small amounts, so that the immune system is trained against the allergen. For the treatment of hay three years and for bee-/wesp venom allergy five years are needed.

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